Sketches and drawings are the preliminaries for any sculpture making. They allow us to visualize it, to link the idea to the form and to know in which direction the sculptor will go in his creation. We will return to the basics of drawing later in the encyclopedia.
The preliminary works are the models made of a material of clay type.
These models are elaborated at a variable scale or are of proportionate dimensions, scale 1/2; scale 1/3, etc… The models are preserved preciously during and after the creation of the sculpture.
Placed on a saddle, the clay is sculpted by hand to create unique pieces. With blanks and sights.
Roughing board : A sculptor’s tool, shaped like a palette, used for roughing and modeling clay or wax.
Mirettes : Tool used by sculptors to remove excess clay while modeling (Vogüé-Neufville 1971)
Keeping the clay in damp cloth between creation sessions preserves the work. The clay is then fired at 1100 Celsius, which shrinks it. (-10 percent of the original size).
Modeling consists in kneading the material to make a form emerge. To knead, to knead, to triturate are terms which correspond well to this discipline which, in passing, is undoubtedly the most « sensual » of all the other techniques. We generally speak of « plastic » materials. A material is « plastic » when it is subjected to a certain force and deforms and retains its deformation when the force is cancelled: this is the case of modeling pastes, clays and waxes. The shaping of the material is done with the hands and with the help of specific tools.
Alternatively, starting your structure using wire allows you to model shapes with a precise guideline and foundation.
If you want to try modeling on the internet it is here :